CATHOLIC NEWS OF THE WEEK . Saturday, 15 September 2018

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Church leaders praise Stephen Hawking

VATICAN CITY (CNS): British theoretical physicist, cosmologist and popular author, Stephen Hawking, who said he did not believe in God, died on March 14 at the age of 76. He was an esteemed member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and fostered a fruitful dialogue between science and faith.
                                        
The academy, @CasinaPioIV, established by Pope Pius IX in 1847, tweeted on March 14, “We are deeply saddened about the passing of our remarkable Academician Stephen #Hawking who was so faithful to our Academy. He told the 4 Popes he met that he wanted to advance the relationship between Faith and Scientific Reason. We pray the Lord to welcome him in his Glory.”
 
The Vatican observatory, @SpecolaVaticana, also expressed its condolences to Hawking’s family. “We value the enormous scientific contribution he has made to quantum cosmology and the courage he had in facing illness,” the observatory tweeted in Italian.
 
Vincent Cardinal Nichols of Westminster, the United Kingdom, tweeted, “We thank Stephen Hawking for his outstanding contribution to science. As a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science, he will be missed and mourned there, too.”
 
Archbishop Justin Welby of Canterbury, head of the Church of England, tweeted, “Professor Stephen Hawking’s contribution to science was as limitless as the universe he devoted his life to understanding. His was a life lived with bravery and passion. As we pray for all those who mourn him, may he rest in peace.
 
Hawking was named a member of the papal academy by Pope St. John Paul II in 1986. The academy’s members are chosen on the basis of their academic credentials and professional expertise—not religious beliefs.
 
Blessed Paul VI, the first of four popes to meet Hawking, gave the then 33-year-old scientist the prestigious Pius XI gold medal in 1975 after a unanimous vote by the academy in recognition of his great work, exceptional promise and “important contribution of his research to scientific progress.”
 
Pictures from the academy’s archives show the pope kneeling before Hawking, who was seated in a motorised wheelchair, to present him with the medal and touch his head.
 
Hawking most recently met Pope Francis when he delivered his presentation on The Origin of the Universe at the academy’s plenary session on science and sustainability in 2016.
In interviews and his writings, Hawking asserted that God had no role in creating the universe.
 
Yet his avowed atheism did not keep him from engaging in dialogue and debate with the Church, as his work and contribution to the papal academy showed.
 
In 2010, he also debated with Jesuit Father Robert Spitzer— a philosopher and educator, on CNN’s Larry King Live—over the scientific underpinnings of the beginning of the universe and the theological arguments for the existence of God.
 
Director of the Vatican Observatory, Jesuit Brother Guy Consolmagno, who has studied both physics and philosophy, said in 2010 that “the ‘god’ that Stephen Hawking doesn’t believe in is one I don’t believe in either.”
 
Brother Consolmagno added, “God is not just another force in the universe, alongside gravity or electricity. God is the reason why existence itself exists. God is the reason why space and time and the laws of nature can be present for the forces to operate that Stephen Hawking is talking about.”

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